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WATCH AD-FREE: 🤍 In the dusts of Iraq, the ruins of the world's first civilization lie buried. This episode, we travel into the extremely distant past to look at the Sumerians. These ancient people invented writing and mathematics, and built some of the largest cities that the world had ever seen. Find out about the mystery of their origins, and learn how they rose from humble beginnings to form the foundation of all our modern societies. With myths, proverbs and even some recreated Sumerian music, travel back to where it all began, and find out how humanity's first civilization fell. Fall of Civilizations the book is now available to pre-order: linktr.ee/fallofcivilizations SOURCES: 🤍 Credits: Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas Voice Actors: Jake Barrett-Mills Rhy Brignell Shem Jacobs Nick Bradley Emily Johnson Photography of Sumerian artefacts by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg), CC-BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons. Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: incompetech.com/ Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann. 🤍
Join the Captivating History Book Club: 🤍 Get a FREE mythology bundle ebook covering Greek, Norse, and Egyptian mythology here: 🤍 The Sumerians were a civilization that would go on to influence the entirety of the Ancient Middle East, and their accomplishments and innovations echo in diverse ancient cultures such as Egypt, Greece, Rome, Ethiopia, and more. To get the Sumerian book showed in the video, please go here: 🤍 The audiobook for Sumerians is free if you sign up with audible: 🤍 Check out all books by Captivating history here: 🤍 Check out all mythology books here: 🤍 Music in video: 🤍
This program covers the history of ancient Sumer and the Sumerians, from the first notable farming communities such as the Samarra, Halaf and the Ubaid that once occupied their land to the magnificent cities, innovations, great kingdoms and empires that the region become known for, it's all here. If you want to get a good grasp of who the Sumerians were, this is the program for you! Contents: 00:00 Introduction 03:21 Early Farming Communities (Samarra, Halaf, Ubaid) 08:12 Eridu 12:51 Uruk and the First Cities 17:46 Invention of Writing 21:30 First Kings 22:47 Early Dynastic Period 23:36 Sumerian Religion 26:32 Lagash and Umma 33:00 Ur 35:10 Nippur 35:47 Urukagina 39:02 Lugalzagesi 41:57 Sargon and Akkadian Rule of Sumer 50:55 Post-Akkadian Sumer and the Gutians 54:24 Gudea of Lagash 55:30 Utu-hegal 57:30 Third Dynasty of Ur (Ur III) / Neo-Sumerian Empire 01:06:14 Amorites, Elamites and the End of an Era 01:09:41 Aftermath and Legacy of Sumer 01:11:45 Thank you and Patrons Related Videos: Babylon: The City at the Center of the World - The Concise History of Babylonia (2000-539 BC) 🤍 Ancient Sumer and the Sumerians (Ancient Mesopotamia in Minutes) 🤍 The Sumerian King List and the History of Ancient Mesopotamia 🤍 The Great Sumerian Rivalry: Lagash vs. Umma 🤍 Important Cities of the Early Dynastic Period of Sumer 🤍 Sumerian Religion Simplified 🤍 Sargon the Great and the Akkadian Empire 🤍 Sources and Suggested Reading ► 🤍 Support History with Cy on Patreon: 🤍 Follow History with Cy: Instagram ► 🤍 Facebook ► 🤍 Twitter ► 🤍 Website ► 🤍 Merch ► 🤍 Podcast ► 🤍 Patreon ► 🤍 Music: Epidemic Sound #sumerians #ancientsumer #ancienthistory
One of the great unanswered questions about ancient history is about the origins of the Sumerians, the people who brought the first great cities into the world. How long were they in Mesopotamia before they began writing and building monumental structures? From where did they come? ►LEAVE A COMMENT Be respectful and courteous to other commenters. Challenge the argument, not the person. Claims that are backed by evidence will get more traction. If your comment does not appear, try again with different words. YouTube sometimes glitches and comments don't go through. Or they might flag your comment as potentially inappropriate. ►DOWNLOAD Professor Miano's free e-booklet: "Why Ancient History Matters": 🤍 ►SUBSCRIBE to the World of Antiquity YouTube Channel for regular ancient history content. ► SUPPORT THIS CHANNEL Supporters get access to behind-the-scenes videos, early-release videos, course discounts and more! 🤍 FTC Disclaimer Notice: Some of the links here may be affiliate links, meaning that if you click on them and purchase something on another website, I get a small commission. It doesn't cost you any extra, but I thought you should know! It does help support the channel. ► REFERENCES 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 Professor Miano's handy guide for learning, "How to Know Stuff," is available here: 🤍 Follow Professor Miano on social media: ►FACEBOOK: 🤍 ►TWITTER: 🤍 ►INSTAGRAM: 🤍
In our new animated documentary series we will describe the history of Ancient Mesopotamia and the first episode will be covering Sumer and its rise in the Fertile Crescent, which is rightly considered the cradle of civilizations. Our series will cover all the major civilizations of this region and then will move on to other regions. If you want to learn more about the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, consider watching our series on them: 🤍 Support us on Patreon: 🤍 or Paypal: 🤍 We are grateful to our patrons and sponsors, who made this video possible: 🤍 The video was made by our friend Oğuz Tunç 🤍 while the script was researched and written by Matt Hollis. This video was narrated by Officially Devin (🤍 & 🤍 Machinima for this video was created by Malay Archer 🤍 on the Total War: Rome 2 engine using the Age of Bronze mod ✔ Merch store ► 🤍 ✔ Patreon ► 🤍 ✔ Podcast ► 🤍 iTunes: 🤍 ✔ PayPal ► 🤍 ✔ Twitter ► 🤍 ✔ Facebook ► 🤍 ✔ Instagram ►🤍 Sources: Marc Van De Mieroop - A History of the Ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323BC Mario Liverani - Ancient Near East - History, Society and Economy Amanda H. Podany - The Ancient Near East - A Very Short Introduction Guillermo Algaze - The Uruk Expansion Harriet Crawford - Sumer and the Sumerians Production Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound: 🤍 #Documentary #Sumer #Mesopotamia
10 Mysteries About The Ancient Sumerians That Can't Be Explained. The ancient Sumerian civilization dates back over four thousand years ago, pioneering writing, law, and monumental architecture. But there are mysteries about their remarkable culture that continue to perplex even the brightest minds in archaeology and history. No one can really answer the question of their precise origin. Their sudden emergence followed by sudden disappearance raises so many questions. The complex language, cuneiform script, technological advancements, Sumerian seals and the King’s list, there are many mysteries this civilization has left behind. Join us, as we explore ten of the biggest mysteries about The Ancient Sumerians that baffle experts to this day. For business matters: theultimatediscovery1🤍gmail.com Check Out These Videos: 10 Mysteries About The Ancient Sumerians That Can't Be Explained 🤍 5 Mysteries About The Ancient Sumerians That Can't Be Explained 🤍 5 Sumerian Mysteries They Won't Teach You That Cannot Be Explained 🤍
WATCH WITH VIDEO: 🤍 In the dusts of Iraq, the ruins of the world's first civilization lie buried. This episode, we travel into the extremely distant past to look at the Sumerians. These ancient people invented writing and mathematics, and built some of the largest cities that the world had ever seen. Find out about the mystery of their origins, and learn how they rose from humble beginnings to form the foundation of all our modern societies. With myths, proverbs and even some recreated Sumerian music, travel back to where it all began, and find out how humanity's first civilization fell. Support Fall of Civilizations on Patreon: 🤍 Credits: Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas Voice Actors: Jake Barrett-Mills Rhy Brignell Shem Jacobs Nick Bradley Emily Johnson Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: incompetech.com/ Sumerian Music kindly provided by Gayle and Philip Neuman, of Ensemble De Organographia. Their CD, "Music of the Ancient Sumerians, Egyptians and Greeks," is available from northpacificmusic.com. Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann. 🤍
Discover history’s first empire: Sumer, located in Mesopotamia, which built the world’s first cities and created the first writing system. History’s first empire rose out of a hot, dry landscape, without rainfall to nourish crops, without trees or stones for building. In spite of all this, its inhabitants built the world’s first cities, with monumental architecture and large populations— and they built them entirely out of mud. Soraya Field Fiorio details the rise and fall of the Sumerian empire. Lesson by Soraya Field Fiorio, directed by Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat. Animator's website: 🤍 Sign up for our newsletter: 🤍 Support us on Patreon: 🤍 Follow us on Facebook: 🤍 Find us on Twitter: 🤍 Peep us on Instagram: 🤍 View full lesson: 🤍 Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Leen Mshasha, Mariana Ortega, Danny Romard, James Bruening, Ricki Daniel Marbun, Malcolm Callis, Sabrina Gonzalez, Al the Scottish Wildcat, سلطان الخليفي, Alexander Walls, Della Palacios, Vik Nagjee, Hiroshi Uchiyama, Adi V, Andrew Bosco, Craig Sheldon, Rishi Pasham, Joanne Luce, Jason A Saslow, Mary Sawyer, Scott Gass, Ruth Fang, Mayank Kaul, Kathryn J Hammond, Max Shuai Tang, Terry Minion, Sami Khan, Rob Johnson, Abdullah Abdulaziz, Angelo Urzua-Milla, Tommy Lewis, leorene, Mahina Bachiller, Marcus Andre Nery, Bruce Vieira Lopes, Chef, Charmaine Hanson, Michael Goldberg, Lydia Pflieger, Paul Aldred-Bann, Manav parmar, Susan Wang, Utkarsh Dubey, Thawsitt, Xuebicoco, Jezabel, Maeve, Kim Humphrey and Kristen Damas.
Sumerian Mythology - The Anunnaki Gods: The Astronaut Gods of the Sumerians #SumerianMythology #Mythology #SeeUinHistory #History #MythologyExplained Check out our new comics: Japanese Mythology in Comics: The Essential - 🤍 Eros and Psyche: The Quest for Love - 🤍 Medusa: The Cursed Priestess - 🤍
How I dub all my channels into 28 Languages with AI: 🤍 For copyright contact: stienlemane2379(at)gmail.com Welcome to Futureunity, where we explore the fascinating world of science, technology, and the universe! From the inner workings of the human body to the outer reaches of space, we delve into the latest and most interesting discoveries that are shaping our world. Whether you're a science buff or just looking for some mind-blowing facts, we've got you covered. Join us as we uncover the mysteries of the world around us and discover new frontiers in the fields of science and technology. Get ready for a journey. Please remember that our videos are purely made for entertainment purposes only. Our information may not be correct. Enjoy, but question and explore further. Disclaimer: Content on Futureunity is for entertainment only. While we aim for accuracy, our information may not be correct, up-to-date or complete. Always consult experts and do your own research. Enjoy, but question and explore further.
The EPIC OF GILGAMESH is the earliest great work of literature that we know of, and was first written down by the Sumerians around 2100 B.C. Ancient Sumer was the land that lay between the two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, in Mesopotamia. The language that the Sumerians spoke was unrelated to the Semitic languages of their neighbors the Akkadians and Babylonians, and it was written in a syllabary (a kind of alphabet) called "cuneiform". By 2000 B.C., the language of Sumer had almost completely died out and was used only by scholars (like Latin is today). No one knows how it was pronounced because it has not been heard in 4000 years. What you hear in this video are a few of the opening lines of part of the epic poem, accompanied only by a long-neck, three-string, Sumerian lute known as a "gish-gu-di". The instrument is tuned to G - G - D, and although it is similar to other long neck lutes still in use today (the tar, the setar, the saz, etc.) the modern instruments are low tension and strung with fine steel wire. The ancient long neck lutes (such as the Egyptian "nefer") were strung with gut and behaved slightly differently. The short-neck lute known as the "oud" is strung with gut/nylon, and its sound has much in common with the ancient long-neck lute although the oud is not a fretted instrument and its strings are much shorter (about 25 inches or 63 cm) as compared to 32 inches (82 cm) on a long-neck instrument. For anyone interested in these lutes, I highly recommend THE ARCHAEOMUSICOLOGY OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST by Professor Richard Dumbrill. The location for this performance is the courtyard of Nebuchadnezzar's palace in Babylon. The piece is four minutes long and is intended only as a taste of what the music of ancient Sumer might have sounded like.
Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. Learn how this "land between two rivers" became the birthplace of the world's first cities, advancements in math and science, and the earliest evidence of literacy and a legal system. ➡ Subscribe: 🤍 #NationalGeographic #Mesopotamia #Educational About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Ancient Mesopotamia 101 | National Geographic 🤍 National Geographic 🤍
WHO ARE WE? The WE are the ANNUNAKI according to the ANCIENT SUMERIAN TEXT. The book of Genisis.. Generations of Isis. From the atrajasis epic and enuma elish the 7 TABELTS OF CREATION which PREDATES the BIBLE BY 1000's of years. This is where the MAJORITY of the OLD TESTAMENT came from. Start Your 4biddenknowledge TV 7-Day Free Trial 🤍 Watch The Black Knight Satellite Full Movie Here: 🤍 You can now own shares in 4biddenknowledge Inc. Join the movement, become an investor in a fast-growing, profitable business! 🤍 Watch 4biddenknowledge TV 🤍 Woke Doesn't Mean Broke by Billy Carson. Buy The Book 🤍 Available Workshops on Eventbrite organized by Billy Carson: 🤍 4biddenknowledge on Facebook: 🤍 #4biddenknowledge #ancienthistory #shortsfeed #youtubeshort #history
Kingdoms of Sumeria delves into the mysterious origins of our first civilization, the Sumerians. From the very first records we have, evidence shows they were advanced, that knowledge was preserved for a time by successive cultures, some knowledge faded out whilst other knowledge survived. This is the World's first documentary series dedicated to Mesopotamia to solve the Enigmas left behind.
Sumerian is probably the most mysterious language out there. It's the language of the people who created the first civilization and the first writing system. Or is it? This language was no longer spoken 4 thousand years ago, so we reconstruct it by the small fragments of the past that we find buried under the sands. I'm not solving the mystery of Sumerian here, but I hope I can present to you at least a small amount of what we know about this language for now. Support the channel here: 🤍 Music used: Ala Shawiti Digle by Ali Sabah Dabke by Feras Charestan Min Wahi El-Lami by Ali Sabah #mesopotamia #middleeast #ancientlanguage
This video is a comprehensive documentary about the Sumerian civilization, one of the earliest known civilizations in human history. The documentary delves into various aspects of Sumerian society, culture, and contributions to human development, providing a detailed account of their advancements and the legacy they left behind. The Sumerians were pioneers in many fields, and their innovations have had a lasting impact on human civilization. The documentary highlights their development of a system of writing, known as cuneiform. This was a significant milestone in human history, marking the beginning of recorded history and paving the way for the complex societies of later civilizations. The documentary also emphasizes the Sumerians' establishment of schools, ensuring that their knowledge and wisdom would be passed down from generation to generation. They were the first to codify laws, map the stars, and invent the wheel, demonstrating their innovative spirit and their ability to shape the world around them. The Sumerians' deep spirituality and profound wisdom are also highlighted in the documentary. Their pantheon of gods and goddesses, their myths and legends, and their rituals and ceremonies were all reflections of their understanding of the world and their place in it. They saw the divine in everything, from the rising of the sun to the changing of the seasons, and their religion was a testament to their awe and reverence for the world around them. The documentary also showcases the Sumerians' cultural richness. Their art, music, literature, and architecture were all expressions of their creativity and their passion for beauty. From the epic of Gilgamesh, one of the oldest known works of literature, to the ziggurats, towering structures that reached for the heavens, the Sumerians left a cultural legacy that continues to inspire and captivate to this day. The documentary delves into the origins of the Sumerians, their language, and their societal structure. It discusses the Ubaid period, which predates the Sumerians, and the Uruk period, during which the Sumerian civilization truly began to take shape. It also explores the Early Dynastic Period, a time when the Sumerian civilization reached its zenith. The documentary also discusses the Sumerians' understanding of time, their establishment of the first schools, their development of the wheel, and their skills in engineering and irrigation. It also delves into the Sumerian system of writing, the cuneiform, and its significance in shaping our understanding of the Sumerian civilization and the world of the ancient Near East. The documentary explores the Sumerian legal system, a cornerstone of their society. The Sumerians were one of the first civilizations to develop a comprehensive legal system, and their laws provided the framework for social order and justice. The documentary also discusses the Sumerian economy, a complex system of resource management, trade, and labor that sustained their society and fueled their prosperity. In conclusion, the Sumerians were not just a civilization; they were a beacon of progress that shone brightly against the backdrop of history. They were pioneers who dared to dream, to question, and to explore. They looked at the world around them and saw not just what was, but what could be. They were the first to ask the questions that would define humanity: Who are we? Where do we come from? What is our purpose? The legacy of the Sumerians continues to resonate in our modern societies, reminding us of the power of innovation, resilience, and the relentless pursuit of knowledge. The documentary does an excellent job of capturing the essence of the Sumerian civilization and their contributions to human history. _ 🎬 Watch Full Anunnaki Movie on this playlist - 🤍 👽 Watch Anunnaki Documentaries here - 🤍 🤔 Are you new to the subject? Navigate trought this list to understand the basics about the Anunnaki - 🤍 ✍️ Study the real mesopotamian tablets and take your own conclusions - 🤍 ✍️ Study all the tablets of The Lost Book of Enki on this playlist - 🤍 📧 If you wish, you can send me an email at: anunnakiancientmystery🤍gmail.com Please don't be bothered if I take a while to respond... 🧑 If you want to see who the content creator is and why I use an electronic voice, watch this video: 🤍
Dive into the enigmatic world of one of history's earliest civilizations: The Sumerians. This comprehensive documentary explores the intricate tapestry of the Sumerian way of life, from their groundbreaking creation of cuneiform, the world’s first writing system, to their architectural marvels like the towering ziggurats. Perfect for history enthusiasts and scholars alike, this film offers a captivating blend of educational insight and stunning visuals. Witness the daily life, cultural practices, and innovative contributions of the Sumerians that have shaped modern society. Subscribe for more insightful historical content, and don't forget to like, share, and comment to join the conversation about this fascinating ancient civilization. #sumerians #ancientcivilizations #history #ancienthistory #mesopotamia #documentary
🤍 Please Consider joining my Patreon to help finding scholars to bring on. Any amount helps me. Thank you existing Patrons. 2nd Channel: 🤍 Follow me on Twitter: 🤍 Discord: 🤍 Most historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 – c. 3300 BC by a West Asian people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence), a non-Semitic and non-Indo-European agglutinative language isolate. The Blau Monuments combine proto-cuneiform characters and illustrations of early Sumerians, Jemdet Nasr period, 3100–2700 BC. British Museum. Others have suggested that the Sumerians were a North African people who migrated from the Green Sahara into the Middle East and were responsible for the spread of farming in the Middle East. However, with evidence strongly suggesting the first farmers originated from the Fertile Crescent, this suggestion is often discarded. Although not specifically discussing Sumerians, Lazaridis et al. 2016 have suggested a partial North African origin for some pre-Semitic cultures of the Middle East, particularly Natufians, after testing the genomes of Natufian and Pre-Pottery Neolithic culture-bearers. Alternatively, a recent (2013) genetic analysis of four ancient Mesopotamian skeletal DNA samples suggests an association of the Sumerians with Indus Valley Civilisation, possibly as a result of ancient Indus–Mesopotamia relations. According to some data, the Sumerians are associated with the Hurrians and Urartians, and the Caucasus is considered their homeland. A prehistoric people who lived in the region before the Sumerians have been termed the "Proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia. The Ubaidians, though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves, are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer. They drained the marshes for agriculture, developed trade, and established industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery. Enthroned Sumerian king of Ur, possibly Ur-Pabilsag, with attendants. Standard of Ur, c. 2600 BC. Some scholars contest the idea of a Proto-Euphratean language or one substrate language; they think the Sumerian language may originally have been that of the hunting and fishing peoples who lived in the marshland and the Eastern Arabia littoral region and were part of the Arabian bifacial culture. Reliable historical records begin much later; there are none in Sumer of any kind that have been dated before Enmebaragesi (Early Dynastic I). Juris Zarins believes the Sumerians lived along the coast of Eastern Arabia, today's Persian Gulf region, before it was flooded at the end of the Ice Age. Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period (4th millennium BC), continuing into the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods. The Sumerians progressively lost control to Semitic states from the northwest. Sumer was conquered by the Semitic-speaking kings of the Akkadian Empire around 2270 BC (short chronology), but Sumerian continued as a sacred language. Native Sumerian rule re-emerged for about a century in the Third Dynasty of Ur at approximately 2100–2000 BC, but the Akkadian language also remained in use for some time. The Sumerian city of Eridu, on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is considered to have been one of the oldest cities, where three separate cultures may have fused: that of peasant Ubaidian farmers, living in mud-brick huts and practicing irrigation; that of mobile nomadic Semitic pastoralists living in black tents and following herds of sheep and goats; and that of fisher folk, living in reed huts in the marshlands, who may have been the ancestors of the Sumerians. Epic of Gilgamesh, ancient Mesopotamian odyssey recorded in the Akkadian language about Gilgamesh, the king of the Mesopotamian city-state Uruk (Erech). The fullest extant text of the Gilgamesh epic is on 12 incomplete Akkadian-language tablets found in the mid-19th century by the Turkish Assyriologist Hormuzd Rassam at Nineveh in the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (reigned 668–627 BCE). The gaps that occur in the tablets have been partly filled by various fragments found elsewhere in Mesopotamia and Anatolia. In addition, five short poems in the Sumerian language are known from tablets that were written during the first half of the 2nd millennium BCE; the poems have been entitled “Gilgamesh and Huwawa,” “Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven,” “Gilgamesh and Agga of Kish,” “Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld,” and “The Death of Gilgamesh.” #gnosticinformant #bible #documentary
The Ancient Sumerians are known as the first civilization. They existed in ancient mesopotamia, some 6000 years ago. Watch these videos next: Watch these videos next: Graham Hancock - Ancient Mariners 🤍 Graham Hancock - Lost Civilizations & Forgotten Knowledge 🤍 The Real Story of what Happened 12,800 years ago! - 🤍 It's a problem because It Massively Defies the History Books! 🤍 Egyptian God Osiris Tomb Found | Remarkable Discovery - 🤍 Shocking Mysteries of Egypt | Ancient Egyptian Secrets 🤫 - 🤍 The Lost Egyptian Records about Atlantis from 500BC - 🤍 #sumeria #ancientsumerian #mesopotamia
History Channel Documentary - Ancient Mesopotamia The Sumerians
In this episode, we finally explore the vast and important religious tradition of ancient Mesopotamia! Support Let's Talk Religion on Patreon: 🤍 Or through a one-time donation: 🤍 Also check out the Let's Talk Religion Podcast: 🤍 Sources/Suggested Reading: Bottéro, Jean (2004). "Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia". Translated by Teresa Lavender Fagan. University of Chicago Press. Michalowski, Piotr (2012). "The Mortal Kings of Ur: Short Century of Divine Rule in Ancient Mesopotamia". In Religion and Power: Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond (ed. Nicole Brisch). Chicago: The Oriental Institute. Tzvi Abusch, I. (2020). "Mesopotamian Religion". In Essays on Babylonian and Biblical Literature and Religion, Vol. 65: 5-23. Brill. Van De Mieroop, Marc (2015). A History of the Ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323 BC. Wiley-Blackwell. #Sumeria #Mesopotamia #Religion
In the final episode of our three part series, we examine the rapid organisation of communities throughout Mesopotamia from the 7th millennia, which culminated in the rise of the worlds first true city. 🤍 🤍 🤍 You can find more of Ettore's excellent artwork below: 🤍 🤍 Ettore also has a graphic novel which you can find here (note: currently only available in Italian) 🤍 #History #Mesopotamia #Uruk StompDance by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Desert City by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Crowd Hammer by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Mystery Bazaar by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Tikopia by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Digya by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Energizing by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍
The Sumerian theme during the Atomic/Information Era. Based on an original composition by Geoff Knorr. All credit goes to Geoff Knorr and all the musicians who created this beautiful soundtrack. Support the developers and buy this game here: Steam: 🤍 GreenManGaming: 🤍 tags: civ 6 soundtrack, civilization 6 soundtrack
🤍 Please Consider joining my Patreon to help finding scholars to bring on. Any amount helps me. Thank you existing Patrons. 2nd Channel: 🤍 Follow me on Twitter: 🤍 Discord: 🤍 In Sumerian mythology, the Underworld was known as Kur, and it was ruled by the goddess Ereshkigal. The Babylonians also had a similar concept of the Underworld, which they called Irkalla. According to Sumerian mythology, the Underworld was a dark and gloomy place where the souls of the dead went after they passed away. The journey to the Underworld was perilous, and the souls had to navigate through seven gates, each guarded by a different deity. Once in the Underworld, the souls were judged by Ereshkigal and her consort, Nergal. The souls were then assigned to different levels of the Underworld based on their deeds in life. The worst offenders were sent to the lowest level, where they were subjected to eternal torment. The Babylonians had a similar concept of the Underworld, but their version was more complex. According to Babylonian mythology, the Underworld was divided into several levels, each with its own ruler. The souls of the dead had to pass through each level, facing different challenges and obstacles along the way. One of the most famous stories from Babylonian mythology is the tale of Ishtar's descent into the Underworld. Ishtar was the goddess of love and fertility, and she decided to visit the Underworld to rescue her lover, Tammuz. However, she was unable to pass through the gates of the Underworld, and she was forced to remove her clothing and jewelry as payment to the gatekeepers. The seven deities that guard each of the seven gates in the Underworld are named: 1) Neti, 2) Gedu, 3) Ennugi, 4) Ninkasi, 5) Ninimma, 6) Enbilulu, and 7) Dumuzid/SISTER. These deities were believed to have the power to judge the souls of the deceased and determine their fate in the afterlife. It was believed that those who were deemed worthy would be granted access to the afterlife, while those who were deemed unworthy would be condemned to eternal suffering. The purpose of each of the seven gates in the Underworld is to prevent the dead from escaping and to ensure that they are judged fairly before being allowed to enter the afterlife. Each gate is guarded by a different deity, and each deity has a specific role in the judgment process. The first gate is guarded by the god Neti, who checks the name of the deceased against a list of those who are allowed to enter. The second gate is guarded by the god Gedu, who weighs the heart of the deceased against a feather to determine if they have lived a good life. The third gate is guarded by the goddess Lahamu, who judges the deceased based on their deeds in life. The fourth gate is guarded by the god Shala, who determines if the deceased has been faithful to their spouse. The fifth gate is guarded by the goddess Ninlil, who judges the deceased based on their knowledge and wisdom. The sixth gate is guarded by the god Nergal, who determines if the deceased has been a good ruler or leader. The seventh and final gate is guarded by the goddess Ereshkigal, who judges the deceased based on their overall worthiness to enter the afterlife. Ereshkigal is a prominent figure in Sumerian and Babylonian mythology, known as the goddess of the Underworld. She is the sister of the god of the sky, Anu, and the god of the earth, Enlil. Ereshkigal is often depicted as a fearsome and powerful goddess, ruling over the dead and the spirits of the Underworld. Ereshkigal held a senior status among the underworld deities, ruling over the category of so-called "transtigridian snake gods" Two Minoan snake goddess figurines were excavated in 1903 in the Minoan palace at Knossos in the Greek island of Crete. The combination of elaborate clothes that leave the breasts completely bare, and "snake-wrangling", remains a popular icon for Minoan art and religion, now also generally referred to as a "Snake Goddess". It is quite possible that this Goddess could ve connected to ERESHKIGAL. Ereshkigal is often compared to other goddesses of death and the Underworld, such as the Greek goddess Hades and the Egyptian goddess Isis. Like Ereshkigal, these goddesses are often depicted as powerful and fearsome figures, ruling over the dead and the spirits of the Underworld. One of the most interesting aspects of Ereshkigal's mythology is her relationship with the god of fertility and vegetation, Dumuzid. According to legend, Dumuzid was Ereshkigal's lover, but he was also a symbol of life and fertility. This relationship between life and death is a common theme in many mythologies, and it is often used to explore the cyclical nature of existence. #gnosticinformant #documentary #mythology
The humor of it is probably related to the Sumer way of life and has been lost, but the words remain. - Twitter: 🤍 Bitcoin: 13N91v1CPfBsz6w3X3GVh2dExqBLPEGUAv Dogecoin: DC4NcDrgg9EGg9nBPi9tahfRM635tTZfDZ Garlicoin: GTw4oic38ipyRRqcrvrcu6TGS7FFfRTic5 Paypal: zimonitrome🤍gmail.com
Numerous cultures throughout the world have an extensive history of creation myths. The Mesopotamian artefacts from the third millennium B.C. to the end of the first millennium B.C. indicate that while many of the gods were associated with natural forces, no myth particularly addressed the origins of the universe. Simply simply, it was thought that gods existed prior to the world's formation. Almost none of the Sumerian literature from the third millennium B.C. has survived. Several fragmentary tablets contain references to a time before the birth of the gods, when only the Earth (Sumerian: ki) and Heavens (Sumerian: an) existed. Even though there was no moonlight or sunlight, the land was still green and there was water beneath the surface, despite the absence of any vegetation. First-millennium B.C. Sumerian poetry gives further information. A legendary prologue opens the Sumerian story "Gilgamesh and the Underworld." It assumes that the universe and gods have always been and that the heavens and earth were once linked before becoming divided. After the creation of humans, the great gods divided the responsibility of preserving and exercising control over the heavens, the earth, and the underworld. The Song of the Hoe, an early second-millennium Sumerian poem, portrays the origins of humanity. In this myth, as well as in numerous other Sumerian stories, Enlil is represented as the entity who divides the heavens from the earth and creates humanity. In Mesopotamian literature, the development of humanity to serve the gods is a constant theme. According to the Sumerian poem "The Debate between Grain and Sheep," the earth at first appeared to be empty of grain, sheep, and goats. People were naked. They drank from ditches and ate grass for sustenance. Later, the gods created grain and sheep as food for humanity. According to "The Debate Between Bird and Fish," water for human use did not exist before Enki, the god of knowledge, created the Tigris and Euphrates and enabled water to flow into them from the mountains. He also created sheepfolds, marshes, and reedbeds, along with minor streams and rivers, and filled them with fish and fauna. He founded a monarchy, constructed cities, and ruled over other nations. In "The Debate over Winter and Summer," an unknown Sumerian author asserts that Enlil's copulation with the earth's hills is responsible for summer and winter, abundance, spring floods, and fertility. Enki and the Universe Order, a second Sumerian story from the early second century, explains why the world appears to be organised. Enki concluded that maintaining order in the world was necessary to prevent anarchy. As a result, several gods were assigned managerial responsibilities, such as overseeing the heavens and earth, the acts of women, the waterways, the crops, the building operations, the management of wildlife, and the care of domestic animals. According to the Sumerian fable "Enki and Ninmah," the lesser gods grumbled to Namma, the primal mother, about their difficult task of constructing the earth. She then roused her son Enki, the god of wisdom, and instructed him to create a replacement so the gods would not have to work. Namma then made the first humans after mixing clay and placing it in her stomach. Like their Sumerian contemporaries, Babylonian poets had no explanation for the origin of the world. Among the other types of texts were numerous creation-related tales. Enlil, the former leader of the pantheon, was replaced by Marduk in the Babylonian creation story Enuma Elish, which provides a theological rationale for Marduk's elevation to supreme god. The poem was presumably composed during or just during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar I, which spanned the late twelfth century B.C. Babylon attained political and cultural independence at this time, following several years of foreign Kassite dynasty dominance. The poem hails the achievement of the city and serves as a political tract describing how Babylon displaced Nippur as the venue of religious ceremonies. #anunnaki #enki #sumerianorigins Join this channel to get access to perks: 🤍
Mesopotamia es uno de los lugares donde se desarrolló la civilización primitiva. Es una región histórica de Asia occidental dentro del sistema fluvial Tigris-Éufrates. De hecho, la palabra Mesopotamia significa "entre ríos" en griego. Hogar de las antiguas civilizaciones de Sumeria, Asiria y Babilonia, a estos pueblos se les atribuye su influencia en las matemáticas y la astronomía. Hace más de cinco mil años, surgió en esta región la primera sociedad urbana y alfabetizada del mundo. Mesopotamia era diversa y en constante cambio. Después de las primeras culturas históricas de Sumeria y Acad, la región fue posteriormente dominada por los grandes imperios de Asiria y Babilonia y estuvo en constante interacción con las culturas contemporáneas de Anatolia (la actual Turquía), el noroeste de Siria, el Levante, Egipto, Irán y el Golfo. #historia #documental #mesopotamia Conviértete en miembro de este canal para disfrutar de ventajas: 🤍
Discover the connections between ancient megalithic structures that link pre-diluvian civilizations in a time before the Great Flood, from Zep Tepi to Easter Island and Machu Picchu. New episodes of Ancient Civilizations Season 4 drop every Monday! Start Your Free Trial - 🤍 About Gaia: Gaia offers the largest resource of consciousness expanding videos. Answer life's deeper questions and go beyond the mainstream narrative with Gaia— a member-supported media network of truth seekers and believers empowering an evolution of consciousness. Explore over 8,000 ad-free, streaming titles that challenge modern paradigms and allow you to manifest the reality that defines your being. You can experience Gaia in English, Spanish, German, or French. We offer original, dubbed or subtitled content in these languages. Join hundreds of thousands of members in 185 countries in awakening your consciousness. Connect with Gaia: Visit Gaia WEBSITE: 🤍 Like Gaia on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Like Gaia Unexplained on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Like Gaia Yoga on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Follow Gaia on YOUTUBE: 🤍 Follow Gaia on TWITTER: 🤍 Follow Gaia on INSTAGRAM: 🤍 Follow Gaia Yoga on INSTAGRAM: 🤍 #Gaia
Researcher Matthew LaCroix dives into the scholarly and scientific evidence of artifacts such as the Sumerian Kings List to shape our understanding of purposely hidden histories and secret symbols throughout time. Watch more: 🤍 About Gaia: Gaia offers the largest resource of consciousness expanding videos. Answer life's deeper questions and go beyond the mainstream narrative with Gaia— a member-supported media network of truth seekers and believers empowering an evolution of consciousness. Explore over 8,000 ad-free, streaming titles that challenge modern paradigms and allow you to manifest the reality that defines your being. You can experience Gaia in English, Spanish, German, or French. We offer original, dubbed or subtitled content in these languages. Join hundreds of thousands of members in 185 countries in awakening your consciousness. Connect with Gaia: Visit Gaia WEBSITE: 🤍 Like Gaia on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Like Gaia Unexplained on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Like Gaia Yoga on FACEBOOK: 🤍 Follow Gaia on YOUTUBE: 🤍 Follow Gaia on TWITTER: 🤍 Follow Gaia on INSTAGRAM: 🤍 Follow Gaia on TIKTOK: 🤍 #Gaia
Join the Captivating History Book Club: 🤍 Get the 21+ hour long Mesopotamia audiobook for FREE when you sign up with audible here: 🤍 You can get the paperback version of Mesopotamia here: 🤍 And the ebook version of Mesopotamia here: 🤍 Get a FREE mythology bundle ebook covering Greek, Norse, and Egyptian mythology here: 🤍 Of all the different “Cradles of Civilization” around the world, perhaps no other is as important and influential to the development of human civilization as Mesopotamia. Literally translated from Sumerian to mean “the land between the rivers,” Mesopotamia refers to the valleys and plains in between and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, which are located in modern-day Iraq. Directly surrounding Mesopotamia, stretching as far west as Israel and Egypt and all the way east to modern-day Iran, is the Fertile Crescent, named for the remarkable fertility of the land that made this region an ideal place for human civilization to prosper. This video covers the Sumerians, Assyrian history, Ur, Babylon, Gilgamesh, Hammurabi and the Persian Empire. Check out all books by Captivating History here: 🤍 Check out all mythology books here: 🤍 Music in video: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 Danger Storm Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License 🤍
Claim your SPECIAL OFFER for MagellanTV here: 🤍 Start your free trial TODAY so you can watch Eternal Egypt about the fascinating Bronze Age world, and the rest of MagellanTV’s history collection: 🤍 Thanks to History With Cy for researching and developing the script for this project:- 🤍 — History Time is written, researched and produced by Pete Kelly. Check out my other channel for more history content:- 🤍 — Follow me on Instagram for travel stories:- 🤍 — Become a patron for as little as a dollar a month & help keep this channel going:- 🤍 — History Time is now a podcast. You can find us wherever you get your podcasts from. —Join the History Time community:- Twitter:- 🤍 Facebook:- 🤍 Instagram:- 🤍 — Music courtesy of:- - Epidemic Sound - Joss Gallanagh-Edwards:- 🤍 🤍 - Brodie Marshall:- 🤍 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Thanks to Dan Kogosov for creating the wonderful maps you see in the video- 🤍 Thanks to Ettore Mazza for creating the amazing depictions of Ancient Akkad- 🤍 — For audio needs Hamish Dickinson is your guy:- 🤍phoenixsoundstudio.co.uk I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:- 🤍 I try to use copyright free images at all times. However if I have used any of your artwork or maps then please don't hesitate to contact me and I’ll be more than happy to give the appropriate credit.
Hey folks, here's a quick side video examining the meaning of an old archaeology meme that did the rounds last year! Its deliberately very different from my normal style so I hope you enjoy! Next video will be a normal documentary style episode or a podcast! References/corrections are in the pinned comment below! #Sumerian #archaeology #babylon 🤍 🤍 🤍 You can find more of Ettore's excellent artwork below: 🤍 🤍 Thanks to all the folks who kindly provided voice lines: 🤍SomasAcademy 🤍StefanMilo 🤍ARTiculations 🤍AtunSheiFilms 🤍TREYtheExplainer 🤍Embracehistoria 🤍KhAnubis 🤍ByronLewis
The Sumerian theme during the Industrial/Modern Era. Based on an original composition by Geoff Knorr. All credit goes to Geoff Knorr and all the musicians who created this beautiful soundtrack. Support the developers and buy this game here: Steam: 🤍 GreenManGaming: 🤍 tags: civ 6 soundtrack, civilization 6 soundtrack
3000 - 2000 BCE - The fascinating rise and fall of this iconic Sumerian city-state and a look at the incredible work of Sir Leonard Woolley. We watch as Chris from The History of the World Podcast takes us on a journey to the ancient Near East and into Ancient Mesopotamia. We explore archaeology, Sumerian society, hierarchy, slavery, religion, warfare and so many other aspects of this wonderful part of history. Check out The History of the World Podcast at these links! Website: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Website: 🤍 Apple Podcasts: 🤍 Patreon: 🤍 Check out our new store! 🤍 Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Hoodies | Shirts | Tank Tops: 🤍 Get your Hittite Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Shirts | Tank Tops | Hoodies: 🤍 Trojan War Merch Below! Mugs: 🤍 Tank Tops | Shirts | Hoodies: 🤍 Become a Patron of The Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages and make history matter! Join us on Patreon: 🤍 Check out history related merchandise through our affiliate link to SPQR Emporium! 🤍 The link above is an affiliate link which means we will receive a small commission from your generous purchases, just another way to support your history channel. Donate directly at our PayPal: 🤍 A special thanks to some wonderful individuals who have taken some excellent photos and who have allowed us ton use their footage in our work. Hrvoje Šašek : 🤍 jonfholl : 🤍 Enjoy map videos? Check out these awesome channels! Ollie Bye: 🤍 UsefulCharts: 🤍 Vologda Mapping: 🤍